William (Bill) J. Likos, Ph.D.

William Likos

Associate Professor
University of Wisconsin-Madison
2215 Engineering Hall
1415 Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1691

Tel: 608/890-2662
likos@wisc.edu

Program Affiliations

- Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Geological Engineering 

Education

- 2000, PhD, Colorado School of Mines
- 1996, MS, Tulane University
- 1994, BS, Tulane University

Fields of Interest

- Unsaturated soil mechanics
- Expansive clay behavior and applications
- Laboratory characterization of soil mechanical, hydraulic, and thermal behavior
- Pore-scale imaging and analysis
- Field monitoring and instrumentation
- Beneficial reuse of recycled materials, industrial by-products

Selected Honors and Awards

- Norman Medal, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2007
- Arthur Casagrande Professional Development Award, ASCE, 2005
- Faculty Fellowship, University of Missouri College of Engineering, 2004
- U.S. Department of Education, GAANN Fellowship, 2000
- National Science Foundation, Graduate Research Traineeship, 1998-2000
- Edna Bailey Sussman Internship, 1999
- McDermott Award, 1994
- Emmett Franklin Bankston Award, 1993

Selected Affiliations and Service

- Co-Editor: Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM International
- Associate Editor: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
- Editorial Board Member: Applied Clay Science
- Editorial Board Member: Geotechnical Testing Journal
- Chair: Transportation Research Board Committee on Engineering Behavior of Unsaturated Soils
- Member: Standing Committee on Publications, ASTM International
- Member: American Society of Civil Engineers
- Member: Transportation Research Board
- Member: ASTM International

Publications

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Books, Chapters and Proceedings
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- Likos, W.J., Bowders, J.J., and Gates, W.P., 2010, Mineralogy and engineering properties of bentonite, Chapter in Geosynthetic Clay Liners for Waste Containment Facilities, Bouazza A. and Bowders J.J., Eds., CRC Press, Taylor and Francis, pp. 31-53.
- Puppala, A.J., Hudyma, N., and Likos, W.J., 2007, Problematic Soils and Rocks and In-Situ Characterization, Proceedings of Sessions of the Geo-Denver 2007 Congress, ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication No. 162.
- Lu, N., and Likos, W.J., 2004, Unsaturated Soil Mechanics, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

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Refereed Publications
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- Likos, W.J. and Jaafar, R., 2012, Pore-scale model for water retention and fluid microstructure of partially saturated coarse-grained soil, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, in press.
- Willson, C.S., Lu, N., and Likos, W.J., 2012, Quantification of grain, pore, and fluid microstructure of unsaturated sand from X-ray computed tomography images, Geotechnical Testing Journal, in press.
- Likos, W.J., Olson, H.S., and Jaafar, R., 2012, Comparison of laboratory methods for measuring thermal conductivity of unsaturated soils, Proceedings of GeoCongress 2012, ASCE, Oakland, California.
- Likos, W.J. and Lu, N., 2012, Characterization of clay by water vapor sorption, Proceedings of GeoCongress 2012, ASCE, Oakland, California.
- Louis, L., Humbert, F., Robion, P., Henry, P., Knuth, M., Likos, W.J., 2012, Data Report: Joint analysis of acoustic and magnetic susceptibility anisotropies in the Nankai Accretionary Prism, Scientific Results, Integrated Ocean Drilling Prog. Vol. 314/315/316.
- Jaafar, R. and Likos, W.J., 2011, Estimating water retention characteristics of sands from grain size distribution using idealized packing conditions, Geotechnical Testing Journal, 34(5): 489-502.
- Likos, W.J., Lu, N., and Wenszel, W., 2011, Performance of a dynamic dew point method for moisture isotherms of clays, Geotechnical Testing Journal, 34(4): 373-382.
- Saffer, D., Guo, J., Underwood, M.B., Likos, W.J., Skarbek, R.M., Song, I., and Glidow, M., 2011, Data Report: Consolidation and Permeability of sediments from the Nankai continental slope, IODP Sites C0001, C0008, and C0004, Scientific Results, Integrated Ocean Drilling Prog., Vol. 314/315/316.
- Ekinci, M.K., Likos, W.J., Guo, J., Underwood, M.B., 2011, Data Report: Permeability of mud(stone) samples from IODP Sites C0006 and C0007, Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment, Scientific Results, Integrated Ocean Drilling Prog., Vol. 314/315/316.
- Guo, J., Underwood, M.B., Likos, W.J., Saffer, D., Skarbek, R.M., and Adamson, N., 2011, Data Report: Consolidation characteristics of sediments from IODP Expeditions 315 and 316, NanTroSEIZE Stage 1, Scientific Results, Integrated Ocean Drilling Prog., Vol. 314/315/316.
- Yue, L., Likos, W.J., Guo, J., and Underwood, M.B., 2011, Data Report: Permeability of Mud(stone) Samples from Site C0001, IODP Expedition 315, Nankai Trough: Stage 1 of NanTroSEIZE, Scientific Results, Integrated Ocean Drilling Prog., Vol, 314.315/316.
- Muhunthan, B., Likos, W.J., Manahiloh, K., and Jaafar, R., 2011, Imaging and modeling the microstructure of unsaturated soils for improved prediction of macroscale response, Proceedings NSF-CMMI Research and Innovation Conference, January 4-7, 2011, Atlanta, Georgia.
- Likos, W.J. and Wayllace, A., 2010, Porosity evolution of free and confined bentonites during interlayer hydration, Clays and Clay Minerals, 58(3): 399-414.
- Likos, W.J., Wayllace, A., Godt, J., and Lu, N., 2010, Modified direct shear apparatus for unsaturated sands at low suction and stress, Geotechnical Testing Journal, 33(4): 286-298.
- Likos, W.J., 2010, Book review: Experimental unsaturated soil mechanics, T. Schanz, Ed. Vadose Zone Journal, Soil Science Society of America, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 196-197.
- Maerz, N. H., Magner, K. A., Likos, W.J., Loehr, J.E., Ding, D., and Miller, A., 2010, Evaluating properties of weak shales in Missouri, Proc. 44th US Rock Mechanics Symposium and 5th US-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, Salt Lake City, UT.
- Lu, N., Kim, T-H., Sture, S., and Likos, W.J., 2009, Tensile strength of unsaturated sand, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 135, No. 12, pp. 1410-1419.
- Likos, W.J., 2009, Pore-scale modeling of capillary stress in unsaturated soil, Poromechanics IV: Proceedings of the 4th Biot Conference on Poromechanics, H.I. Ling et al., Eds., DEStech Publications, Inc., PA.
- Likos, W.J., 2009, Pore-scale model for water retention in unsaturated sand, Powders and Grains 2009: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Micromechanics of Granular Media, M. Nakagawa and S. Luding, Eds., American Institute of Physics, 1145.
- Likos, W.J., 2008, Vapor adsorption index for expansive soil classification, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 134, No. 7, pp. 1005-1009.
- Lu, N., Anderson, M.T., Likos, W.J., and Mustoe, G.W., 2008, A discrete element model for kaolinite aggregate formation during sedimentation, International Journal of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, Vol. 32, No. 8, pp. 965-980.
- Wayllace, A., and Likos, W.J., 2007, Microstructural model for up-scaling interlayer volume changes in expansive clay, Proceedings of GeoDenver 2007, Advances in Measurement and Modeling of Soil Behavior, ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication No. 173.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2006, Pore scale analysis of bulk volume change from crystalline swelling in Na+- and Ca2+-smectite, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 54, No. 4, pp. 516 – 529.
- Lu, N., Wayllace, A., Carrera, J., and Likos, W.J., 2006, Constant flow method for concurrently measuring soil-water characteristic curve and hydraulic conductivity function, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 230 – 241.
- Lu, N., and Likos, W.J., 2006, Suction stress characteristic curve for unsaturated soil, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 132, No. 2, pp. 131-142.
- Bobba, R., Likos, W.J., Bowders, J.J., and Hammer, R.D., 2006, Field and laboratory evaluation of artificial soil as an evapotranspirative barrier, ISSMGE, Proceedings of 5th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, Cardiff, Wales.
- Wayllace, A., and Likos, W.J., 2006, Numerical modeling of artificial soil as an evapotranspirative cover, Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, ASCE, Carefree, Arizona, pp. 646-657.
- Likos, W.J., Lu, N., and Sharkey, K., 2005, Laboratory characterization of steeply dipping expansive bedrock in the Rocky Mountain Front Range, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 131, No. 9, pp. 1162-1171.
- Lu, N. and Likos, W.J., 2005, Closure, Rate of capillary rise in soil, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 132(2): 280 – 281.
- Likos, W.J., Wayllace, A., and Lu, N., 2005, Numerical modeling of constant-flow permeation for unsaturated hydrologic properties, Proceedings of International Workshop on Advances in Experimental Unsaturated Soil Mechanics (Experus 2005), Trento, Italy, June 27-29, Balkema.
- Likos, W.J., Akunuri, K., and Loehr, J.E., 2005, Performance of PHPA polymer slurries for applications in Missouri shale, in Advances in Deep Foundations (ASCE GSP 132), Proceedings of Geofrontiers 2005, ASCE, Austin, TX.
- Likos, W.J., 2004, Measurement of crystalline swelling in expansive clay, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. 540-546.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2004, Integrated lecture and laboratory modules for contaminant transport studies in undergraduate geotechnical engineering, Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, Vol. 130, No.1, pp. 19-25.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2004, Hysteresis of capillary stress in unsaturated granular soil, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 6, pp. 646-655.
- Lu, N., and Likos, W.J., 2004, Rate of capillary rise in soil, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 6, pp. 646-650.
- Lu, N., Olsen, H.W., and Likos, W.J., 2004, Appropriate material properties for advective-diffusive solute transport in membrane soil, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, 130, No. 12, pp. 1341-1346.
- Akunuri, K., and Likos, W.J., 2004, Effect of time and concentration on viscosity of polymer-based drilling fluids, Proceedings of IGC 2004, Warangal, India.
- Blanco, A.M., Deeken, J.J., Bowders, J.J., Likos, W.J., and Donahue, J.P., 2004, Observations on drainage and strength characteristics of Missouri roadway base, Proceedings of the 55th Highway Geology Symposium, Kansas City, Missouri.
- Likos, W.J., Lu, N., and Sharkey, K., 2004, Geotechnical properties of overexcavated expansive shale at a steeply dipping bedrock site, Geotechnical Engineering for Transportation Projects (ASCE GSP 126) Proceedings of Geo-Trans 2004, Vol. 1, pp. 1095-1104, Los Angeles, California.
- Krosley, L., Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2003, Alternative encasement materials for the CLOD test, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 461-463.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2003, Filter paper column for measuring transient suction profiles in expansive clay, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1821, TRB, Washington, D.C., pp. 83-89.
- Likos, W.J., Olsen, H.W., Krosley, L., and Lu, N., 2003, Measured and estimated suction indices for expansive soil classification, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 129, No. 7, pp. 665-668.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2003, Automated humidity system for measuring total suction characteristics of clay, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 178-189.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2002, Filter paper technique for measuring total soil suction, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1786, TRB, Washington, D.C., pp. 120-128.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2002, Water-vapor sorption behavior of smectite-kaolinite mixtures, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 50, No. 5, pp. 553-561.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2001, A laser technique to quantify the size, porosity, and density of clay clusters during sedimentation, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 86-94.
- Likos, W.J., and Lu, N., 2001, Automated measurement of total suction characteristics in the high suction range: application to the assessment of swelling potential, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1755, TRB, Washington, D.C., pp. 119-128.
- Stover, S.C., Screaton, E.J., Likos, W.J., and Ge, S., 2001, Data Report: Hydrologic characteristics of shallow marine sediments of Woodlark Basin, Site 1109, Huchon, P., Taylor, B., and Klaus, A., Eds., Scientific Results, Ocean Drilling Program, Vol. 180, pp. 1-22. – Lu, N., Ristow, G.H., and Likos, W.J., 2000, The accuracy of hydrometer analysis for fine-grained clay particles, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 487-495.
- Likos, W. J., Lu, N., and Liverant, C., 2000, Ionic strength effects on the flocculation behavior of kaolinite, Proceedings 14th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, Austin, Texas.
- Todorovski, L. I., Andersen, G. R., and Likos, W. J., 1999, A new approach to the physical modeling of dynamic soil-structure interaction, Proceedings 13th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, Baltimore, Maryland.
- Baum, R.L., Harp, E.L., Likos, W.J., Powers, P.S., and Lahusen, R.G., 1998, Real-time monitoring of bluff stability at Woodway, Washington, USA, in Evangelista, A. and Picarelli, L., eds., The Geotechnics of Hard Soils – Soft Rocks, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Hard Soils-Soft Rocks, Naples, Italy, Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 1057-1065.
- Andersen, G.R., Todorovski, L.I., Likos, W.J., and Whitman, R.V., 1997, A centrifuge-modeled rigid structure to investigate dynamic soil-structure interaction, Geotechnical Testing Journal, ASTM, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 139-148.